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Children With Asthma More Likely to Become Obese

NEW YORK — January 20, 2017 — Children with asthma may be more likely to become obese later in childhood or in adolescence, according to a study published early online ahead of the print edition of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Young children with asthma were 51…

Women’s Cognitive Decline Begins Earlier Than Previously Believed

LOS ANGELES — January 20, 2017 — Mental sharpness in women begins to decline as early as their 50s, according to a study published in PLOS ONE. The study, which followed the same group of healthy women for 10 years after menopause, found that their average decline in mental processing ability…

Lap Band Surgery Benefits Very Obese Adolescents

ADELAIDE, Australia — January 20, 2017 — Lap band surgery has significant benefits for severely obese teenagers and, despite its controversial nature, should still be considered as a first option to manage obesity during adolescence, according to a study published in the journal Obesity Surgery…

Use of Collagen Matrix for Diaphragm Reconstruction Reduces Need for Reoperation Due to Infections

By Ed Susman HOUSTON, Tex — January 24, 2017 — The use of an acellular dermal matrix for reconstruction of the diaphragm in patients undergoing surgery for mesothelioma appears to be associated with fewer re-operations than the use of polytetrafluoroethylene mesh, according to a study presented…

Anticoagulants May Be Unnecessary for Most Patients Undergoing Surgery

SALT LAKE CITY, Utah — January 24, 2017 — As many as 3 out of 4 surgery patients could be receiving anti-clotting medications that they do not need, according to a study published in the Annals of Surgery. The research challenges standard of care guidelines specifying that all patients…

Continuous Glucose Monitoring Improves Glucose Levels in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

CHICAGO — January 24, 2017 — Two studies in the January 24/31 issue of JAMA find that continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) resulted in improved glucose levels in patients with type 1 diabetes who inject insulin multiple times a day. Only approximately 30% of individuals with type 1 diabetes meet…

Brain Scan Before Antidepressant Therapy May Predict Response

CHICAGO — January 24, 2017 — A functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) brain scan may help predict which patients will respond positively to antidepressant therapy, according to a study published in the journal Brain. Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois,…

Critically Ill Children Don’t Benefit From Tight Blood Glucose Control

PHILADELPHIA — January 25, 2017 — Critically ill infants and children do not gain extra benefit from tight blood glucose control, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). While both high and low levels of blood glucose control were relatively safe, control to…

Kidney Problems in Patients With DiGeorge Syndrome May Be Caused by Missing Gene

NEW YORK — January 25, 2017 — Loss of function of the CRKL gene causes kidney and urinary tract defects in people with DiGeorge syndrome, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). “This study represents a critical step forward in understanding the genetic…

Treating Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Pregnant Women Can Reduce Risk of Pregnancy Loss

ROCHESTER, Minn — January 25, 2017 — Treating subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnant women can reduce the risk of pregnancy loss, especially for those with thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels on the upper end of normal or higher, according to a study published in BMJ. Pregnant women…